and spake to her that kept the door, and brought in Peter--The naturalness of these small details is not unworthy of notice. The other disciple, who was known to the high priest, came back, spoke to the servant girl on duty there and brought Peter in. John 18 - When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples. [384] That Jesus had been led by Annas to Caiaphas, had been indicated by John, in John 18:15, by the verb συνεισῆλθε, and by the very appellation High Priest being so often repeated. If the dialogue between our Lord and His captors was before this, as some interpreters think it was, the kiss of Judas was purely gratuitous, and probably to make good his right to the money; our Lord having presented Himself unexpectedly before them, and rendered it unnecessary for any one to point Him out. Art thou not also one of this man's disciples?--that is, thou as well as "that other disciple," whom she knew to be one, but did not challenge, perceiving that he was a privileged person. Then said Pilate unto Him, Hearest Thou not how many things they witness against Thee? . To this end was I--"have I been." If Peter had held his peace, this peculiarity had not been observed; but hoping, probably, to put them off the scent by joining in the fireside talk, he only thus revealed himself. Thine own nation and the chief priests delivered thee to me: What hast thou done?--that is, "Jewish questions I neither understand nor meddle with; but Thou art here on a charge which, though it seems only Jewish, may yet involve treasonable matter: As they state it, I cannot decide the point; tell me, then, what procedure of Thine has brought Thee into this position." 13. God chose to reveal Himself in certain forms in the past, but He is essentially a Spirit (John 4:24). Peter, to keep it from despair, to work in it "repentance unto salvation not to be repented of," and at length, under other healing touches, to "restore his soul?". But as the usages of the Jews appear to have somewhat varied at different times, and our present knowledge of them is not sufficient to clear up all difficulties, they are among the not very important questions which probably will never be entirely solved. This was THE SECOND DENIAL. We were bound with the cords of our iniquities, with the yoke of our transgressions. After saying that if anyone sees his brother in need and does not help him, he does not have love, John broadens the point to say that love is an action. Art thou the King of the Jews?--In Luke 23:2 they charge our Lord before Pilate with "perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Cæsar, saying that He Himself is Christ a king." but now--but the fact is. . Annas is also referred to as high priest by Luke in Acts 4:6. Thus the enemies of Christ, whilst they quarrel with his truth, wilfully shut their eyes against it. Jesus was sent to the lost sheep of the house of Israel, in fulfilment of biblical prophecy. John 18:1-13 . I find in him no fault--no crime. . (14:6) Q4. 14. But once in, the serpent coil is drawn closer; it is a cold night, and why should not he take advantage of the fire as well as others? took Jesus--but not till He had made them feel that "no man took His life from Him, but that He laid it down of Himself.". We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Jesus repairs the damage and tells Peter to sheath his sword. And the servants and officers--the menials and some of the "band" that "took Jesus." ", of Latin Quid est veritas? Messiah the Prince; art thou he? they know what I . . asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine--probably to entrap Him into some statements which might be used against Him at the trial. 1 After saying these things, Jesus crossed the Kidron Valley with his disciples and entered a grove of olive trees. 12. It is the supplemental Gospel, for whom something like 90 percent is unique. (1-12) Christ before Annas and Caiaphas. The impudence of this atrocious deed shows how thoroughly he had by this time mastered all his scruples. Our Lord could not cross that “brook Cedron” without being reminded of the time when David went that way in the hour of his sorrow, though he knew that he had to face a far greater trial than that of David. 2 Judas, the betrayer, knew this place, because Jesus had often gone there with his disciples. ask them which heard me . . In the center of this court the "fire" would be kindled (in a brazier). Its supports are not worldly; its weapons are spiritual; it needed not, nor used, force to maintain and advance it, nor opposed any kingdom but that of sin and Satan. Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thus read, the verse affords no evidence that He was sent to Caiaphas before the interview just recorded, but implies rather the contrary. It is often referred to as "jesting Pilate " or " What is truth? Judas then--"He that was called Judas, one of the Twelve," says Luke ( Luke 22:47 ), in language which brands him with peculiar infamy, as in the sacred circle while in no sense of it. "And he went out into the porch [thinking, perhaps, to steal away], and the cock crew," ( Mark 14:68 ). (The full complement of a legion of Roman soldiers was six thousand). The doctrine of Christ may safely appeal to all that know it, and those who judge in truth bear witness to it. . So also Mark 14:69 . By Craig Bluemel . when the crowds were pressing upon Him, "said Jesus to the multitudes, Are ye come out as against a thief, with swords and staves, for to take Me"--expressive of the indignity which He felt to be thus done to Him--"I sat daily with you in the temple, and ye laid no hold on Me. This was THE FIRST DENIAL. Job 1:20, πεσὼν χαμαί; similarly used by Homer, etc., as = χαμᾶζε. (Compare Isaiah 45:19 , 48:16 ). John being "known to the high priest" ( John 18:15), the mention of the servant's name by him is quite natural, and an interesting mark of truth in a small matter. 7. They said therefore . . "I am the way, and the truth, and the life. Tom: We’re continuing with the gospel. John 18:6. He never took upon him any earthly power, never were any traitorous principles or practices laid to him. 3 And they will do these things a because they have not known the Father , nor me . Art thou not also one of his disciples?--In Matthew 26:71 the second charge was made by "another maid, when he was gone out into the porch," who "saw him, and said unto them that were there, This [fellow] was also with Jesus of Nazareth." John 18 . The high priest . Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. John 18:2. That the saying . But a comparison of the narratives seems to show that our Lord's "coming forth" to the band was subsequent to the interview of Judas. 2 x They will put you out of the synagogues . This so exasperated "the chief priests and elders" that, afraid of losing their prey, they poured forth a volley of charges against Him, as appears from Luke 23:4 Luke 23:5 : on Pilate's affirming His innocence, "they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place." 22. struck Jesus with the palm . The servant's name was Malchus--None of the other Evangelists mention the name either of the ardent disciple or of his victim. Christ set us an example of meekness in sufferings, and a pattern of submission to God's will in every thing that concerns us. It is to this that Paul alludes, in those remarkable words to Timothy: "I charge thee before God, who quickeneth all things, and before Christ Jesus, who, in the presence of Pontius Pilate, witnessed the good confession" ( 1 Timothy 6:13 ). . 18. Dost thou call thyself so, and wouldest thou be thought so? If a call to expose ourselves to danger be clear, we may hope God will enable us to honour him; if it be not, we may fear that God will leave us to shame ourselves. "Thinkest thou that I cannot now"--even after things have proceeded so far--"pray to My Father, and He shall presently give Me"--rather, "place at My disposal"--"more than twelve legions of angels"; with allusion, possibly, to the one angel who had, in His agony, "appeared to Him from heaven strengthening Him" ( Luke 22:43 ); and in the precise number, alluding to the twelve who needed the help, Himself and His eleven disciples. Christ, being made a sin-offering for us, to free us from those bonds, himself submitted to be bound for us. The cold-bloodedness of this speech was only exceeded by the deed itself. The garden, however, with its amplitude, its shady olives, its endeared associations, would be congenial to His heart. The revelation of the eternal truth alone was able to breathe new life into ruined human nature, and that in the apprehension of complete redemption" [OLSHAUSEN]. On the other side there was a garden, and he and his disciples went into it. 3. If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up unto thee--They were conscious they had no case of which Pilate could take cognizance, and therefore insinuate that they had already found Him worthy of death by their own law; but not having the power, under the Roman government, to carry their sentence into execution, they had come merely for his sanction. . where was a garden--at the foot of the Mount of Olives, "called Gethsemane; that is, olive press ( Matthew 26:30 Matthew 26:36 ). They said nothing concerning the miracles of Jesus, by which he had done so much good, and which proved his doctrine. "His demeanor and timidity, which must have vividly showed themselves, as it so generally happens, leading to the recognition of him" [OLSHAUSEN]. Judas . Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas to the hall of judgment--but not till "in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council against Him to put Him to death, and bound Him" ( Matthew 27:1 ; and word here rendered "hall of judgment" is from the Latin, and denotes "the palace of the governor of a Roman province." 38. Putting emphasis upon "thou," his question betrays a mixture of surprise and uneasiness, partly at the possibility of there being, after all, something dangerous under the claim, and partly from a certain awe which our Lord's demeanor probably struck into him. into the world, that I may bear witness to the truth--His birth expresses His manhood; His coming into the world, His existence before assuming humanity: The truth, then, here affirmed, though Pilate would catch little of it, was that His Incarnation was expressly in order to the assumption of Royalty in our nature. "And Judas went before them [ Luke 22:47 ], and forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, Master, and kissed Him" ( Matthew 26:49 ; compare Exodus 4:27 , 18:7 , Luke 7:45 ). (13-27) Christ before Pilate. he went out again unto the Jews--thus missing a noble opportunity for himself, and giving utterance to that consciousness of the want of all intellectual and moral certainty, which was the feeling of every thoughtful mind at that time. (John 18:37-38a) Part of John's core testimony is that Jesus is himself God's truth for us -- and his truth is as inescapable for us as it was for Pilate. "And He touched his ear and healed him" ( Luke 22:51 ); for "the Son of man came not to destroy men's lives, but to save them" ( Luke 9:56 ), and, even while they were destroying His, to save theirs. of 10, 11. knowing all things that should come--were coming. Christ was buried also in a garden. 25. bethinks himself of the expedient of sending Him to Herod, in the hope of thereby further shaking off responsibility in the case. 18. "This, occurring before His surrender, would show His power over His enemies, and so the freedom with which He gave Himself up" [MEYER]. The gospel of John describes Jesus as the "Word" of God, using the Greek word logos. . If the Jews had judged him by their law, he had been stoned; crucifying never was used among the Jews. This was all that Pilate had to do with. 11. The {bracketed} words are not a reflection of what is actually in the original Greek text. But ye have a custom that I should release one unto you at the passover, the choice of Christ to suffer, by which Barabbas was set free, see the sixteenth chapter of Leviticus, particularly Leviticus 16:5-10 , where the subject is the sin offering on the great day of atonement" [KRAFFT in LUTHARDT]. Its nature is not worldly; it is a kingdom within men, set up in their hearts and consciences; its riches spiritual, its power spiritual, and it glory within. Lord, what, when, and how, thou hast appointed. I ever taught in the synagogues and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort--courting publicity, though with sublime noiselessness. 1 When he had finished praying, Jesus left with his disciples and crossed the Kidron Valley. 8. EXEGESIS: JOHN 18-19. Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the. This was a "winter torrent" (English Revised Version margin), meaning that it was dry most of the year. John 18:33-37 . John 18. "And Jesus said unto him, Friend"--not the endearing term "friend" (in John 15:15 ), but "companion," a word used on occasions of remonstrance or rebuke (as in Matthew 20:13 , 22:12 )--"Wherefore art thou come?" His wishing to "see the end," of issue of these proceedings, was what led him into the palace, for he evidently feared the worst. 16. and . 23. Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world--He does not say "not over," but "not of this world"--that is, in its origin and nature; therefore "no such kingdom as need give thee or thy master the least alarm." That the saying might be fulfilled which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none--The reference is to such sayings as John 6:39 , 17:12 ; showing how conscious the Evangelist was, that in reporting his Lord's former sayings, he was giving them not in substance merely, but in form also. 21. and immediately--"while he yet spake" ( Luke 22:60 ). . another disciple--Rather, "the other disciple"--our Evangelist himself, no doubt. The one who fears is not made perfect in love.” Explanation and Commentary of 1 John 4:18. stood with them--No more is recorded here of his part of the scene, but we have found the gap painfully supplied by all the other Evangelists. He had said that he should be crucified, lifted up. Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas--Our translators so render the words, understanding that the foregoing interview took place before Caiaphas; Annas, declining to meddle with the case, having sent Him to Caiaphas at once. But Peter stood at the door without--by preconcerted arrangement with his friend till he should get access for him. 37. "After a while ['about the space of one hour after' ( Luke 22:59 )] came unto him they that stood by and said to Peter, Surely thou also art one of them, for thy speech betrayeth thee" ( Matthew 26:73 ). 30. . John seems to be speaking of a certain fear of judgment. But the immediate cause of the revulsion, which made Peter "weep bitterly," was, beyond all doubt, this heart-piercing "look" which his Lord gave him. Mark introduces Jesus to us as an adult, telling us that Jesus was “a man from Nazareth” whose advent fulfills the arrival of God’s salvation as foretold by the prophet Isaiah. But many put this question, who have not patience to preserve in their search after truth; or not humility enough to receive it. John 18 - In-depth verse-by-verse Bible study and commentary of John chapter 18 in plain English. Salem Media Group. If I have spoken, &c.--"if I spoke" evil, in reply to the high if well--He does not say "If not" evil, as if His reply were merely unobjectionable: "well" seems to challenge more than this as due to His remonstrance This shows that Matthew 5:39 is not to be taken to the letter. 15-18. upon him, went forth--from the shade of the trees, probably, into open view, indicating His sublime preparedness to meet His captors. One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman, whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him--No doubt his relationship to Malchus drew attention to the man who smote him, and this enabled him to identify Peter. From our Lord's answer it would seem that "His disciples" were understood to be some secret party. And He answered him to never a word, insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly" ( Matthew 27:13 Matthew 27:14 ). It is but a cup, a small matter. Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye?--Giving them a door of escape from the guilt of a deed which now they were able in some measure to understand. 35. 27. . Because, in such circumstances it required a noble courage not to flinch from His royal claims; and our Lord, conscious that He was putting forth that courage, gives a turn to His confession expressive of it. John 18:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples. I spake--have spoken. "And the chief priests accused Him of many things, but He answered nothing ( Mark 15:3 ). Then, in John 18 through 21, then, we go back to a public ministry. No one comes to the Father except through me." born and for this cause came I--am I come. 1 When Jesus had spoken these words, He went out with His disciples over the Brook Kidron, But who can tell what lightning flashes of wounded love and piercing reproach shot from that "look" through the eye of Peter into his heart! 5. Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because they have not believed in the name of God’s one and only Son" (John 3:14-18). 34. might be fulfilled which he spake, signifying what death he should die--that is, by crucifixion ( John 12:32 John 12:33 , Matthew 20:19 ); which being a Roman mode of execution, could only be carried into effect by order of the governor. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Judas . Whom seek ye?--partly to prevent a rush of the soldiery upon the disciples [BENGEL]; and see mark 14:51 mark 14:52 , as showing a tendency to this: but still more as part of that courage and majesty which so overawed them. Christ taken in the garden. 1 John 4:18 “There is no fear in love. The positive nature of His kingdom He would not obtrude upon one who was as little able to comprehend it, as entitled officially to information about it. "Sad reprisals!" the cock crew--As Mark is the only Evangelist who tells us that our Lord predicted that the cock should crow twice ( Mark 14:30 ), so he only mentions that it did crow twice ( Mark 14:72 ). John 18 is the eighteenth chapter of the Gospel of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.This chapter records the events on the day of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, starting with his arrest on the evening before, which in Jewish calculation would form part of the same day. said--This seems to imply that He saw the attempt to draw Him into self-crimination, and resented it by falling back upon the right of every accused party to have some charge laid against Him by competent witnesses. . [2] "But how then shall the scripture be fulfilled that thus it must be?" All Rights Reserved. It was the glorious effulgence of the majesty of Christ which overpowered them. The very brook would remind him of his approaching sacrifice, for through it flowed the blood and refuse from the temple. "Betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss"--imprinting upon the foulest act the mark of tenderest affection? As soon then as he said unto them, I am He, they went backward--recoiled. Commentary on John 18:1-12. Art thou a king then?--There was no sarcasm or disdain in this question (as THOLUCK, ALFORD, and others, allege), else our Lord's answer would have been different. Jesus of Nazareth--just the sort of blunt, straight forward reply one expects from military men, simply acting on their instructions. Perhaps this was what occasioned Pilate's question. This other disciple first made good his own entrance on the score of acquaintance with the high priest; this secured, he goes forth again, now as a privileged person, to make interest for Peter's admission. knew the place, for Jesus ofttimes--see John 8:1 , Luke 21:37 . called Jesus, and said . The beginning of sin is as the letting forth of water. In modern phrase, Pilate's object in this question was merely to determine the relevancy of the charge. 26. From the example of our Saviour we should learn how to receive our lighter afflictions, and to ask ourselves whether we ought to oppose our Father's will, or to distrust his love. See Mark 15:6 , and perplexity of Pilate, who, "calling together the chief priests, rulers, and people," tells them plainly that not one of their charges against "this man" had been made good, while even Herod, to whose jurisdiction he more naturally belonged, had done nothing to Him: He "will therefore chastise and release him" ( Luke 23:13-16 ). 28. "The only certainty," says the elder PLINY, "is that nothing is certain, nor more miserable than man, nor more proud. Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?--This expresses both the feelings which struggled in the Lord's breast during the Agony in the garden--aversion to the cup viewed in itself, but, in the light of the Father's will, perfect preparedness to drink it. Jesus Arrested. 6. 19-21. The fearful laxity of morals at that time must doubtless be traced in a great degree to this skepticism. Why this? lanterns and torches--It was full moon, but in case He should have secreted Himself somewhere in the dark ravine, they bring the means of exploring its hiding-places--little knowing whom they had to do with. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. ( Matthew 26:50 ). (Read all of John 18) The history of our Lord's last moments begins after the words that He addressed to His Father. 29-32. John 7:18 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] John 7:18, NIV: "Whoever speaks on their own does so to gain personal glory, but he who seeks the glory of the one who sent him is a man of truth; there is nothing false about him." . The immediate effect of His calm declaration was: ἀπῆλθον εἰς τὰ ὀπίσω καὶ ἔπεσον χαμαί, “they went backwards and fell to the ground”. 9. When Christ said, I am the Truth, he said, in effect, I am a King. Sin began in the garden of Eden, there the curse was pronounced, there the Redeemer was promised; and in a garden that promised Seed entered into conflict with the old serpent. It was unjust to put one to death who had done so much good, therefore the Jews were willing to save themselves from reproach. But the building in which both met with Jesus appears to have been the same, the room only being different, and the court, of course, in that case, one. . 17. He conquers by the convincing evidence of truth; he rules by the commanding power of truth. Pilate . 2 Now Judas, who betrayed him, knew the place, because Jesus had often met there with his disciples. "When she saw Peter warming himself, she looked upon him and said" ( Mark 14:67 ). Jesus . He has encouraged them to walk in the light, since God is the light, abiding in His commandments (1 John 1:1-2:6). John 15:18(NASB) Verse Thoughts. The Galilean dialect had a more Syrian cast than that of Judea. Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it, and smote the high priest's servant, and cut off his right ear. Jesus Is Betrayed and Arrested. This statement in John 18:28 seems to indicate that Passover was the coming day, the day Jesus would be crucified and that the Last Supper was the day before Passover. He could not suffer, according to the Scripture, if He allowed Himself to be delivered from the predicted death. 20. At the upper end of it, probably, was the chamber in which the trial was held, open to the court and not far from the fire ( Luke 22:61 ), but on a higher level; for Mark ( Mark 14:66 ) says the court was "beneath" it. As to the right ear, specified both here and in Luke ( Luke 22:50 ), the man was "likely foremost of those who advanced to seize Jesus, and presented himself in the attitude of a combatant; hence his right side would be exposed to attack. But in Luke 22:58 it is said, "After a little while" (from the time of the first denial), "another [man] saw him, and said, Thou art also of them." The other Evangelists, who tell us merely that our Lord predicted that "before the cock should crow he would deny Him thrice" ( Matthew 26:34 , Luke 22:34 , John 13:38 ), mention only one actual crowing, which was Mark's last. It is a cup that is given us; sufferings are gifts. "Peter went in and sat with the servants to see the end ( Matthew 26:58 ), and warmed himself at the fire" ( Mark 14:54 ). Indeed , y the hour is coming when z whoever kills you will think he is offering service to God . On the other side there was a garden, and he and his disciples went into it. . We’re in the Gospel of John 21—last chapter, Dave— and we’re going to pick up with verse 18, “Verily, verily, I say unto thee, When thou was young, thou girdest thyself, and walkedst wither thou wouldest: but when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and carry thee wither thou wouldest not. Peter then denied again--But, if the challenge of Malchus' kinsman was made simultaneously with this on account of his Galilean dialect, it was no simple denial; for Matthew 26:74 says, "Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man." Our resentment of injuries must never be passionate. Christ gave an account of the nature of his kingdom. and fell to the ground--struck down by a power such as that which smote Saul of Tarsus and his companions to the earth ( Acts 26:14 ). "No man taketh My life from Me, but I lay it down of Myself" ( John 10:18 ). Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. Then the band . Sayest thou this of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me?--an important question for our Lord's case, to bring out whether the word "King" were meant in a political sense, with which Pilate had a right to deal, or whether he were merely put up to it by His accusers, who had no claims to charge Him but such as were of a purely religious nature, with which Pilate had nothing to do. 39. We shall find even in this part of it, the general character of that which is related in this Gospel (according to all that we have seen in it), that the events bring out the personal glory of the Lord. As the Lord (says OLSHAUSEN beautifully) owned Himself the Son of God before the most exalted theocratic council, so He confessed His regal dignity in presence of the representative of the highest political authority on earth. John 18:13-27 . According to Oriental architecture, and especially in large buildings, as here, the street door--or heavy folding gate through which single persons entered by a wicket kept by a porter--opened by a passage or "porch" ( Mark 14:68 ) into a quadrangular court, here called the "palace" or hall, which was open above, and is frequently paved with flagstones. . "Thou art a Galilean, and thy speech agreeth thereto" ( Mark 14:70 ; and so Luke 22:59 ). It flowed by the southeast wall of the city, and between it and the Mount of Olives. Answerest Thou the high priest so--(See Isaiah 50:6 ; and compare Acts 23:2 ). These two statements are extremely interesting. Matthew ( Matthew 26:69 ) says, "sat without in the palace." The immediately subsequent acts are given in full only in Luke ( Luke 22:61 Luke 22:62 ): "And the Lord turned and looked upon Peter," from the hall of judgment to the court, in the way already explained. THE CONTEXT. that King of the Jews who has been so long expected? They answered . (It is worthy of notice that the "MY," which occurs four times in this one verse--thrice of His kingdom, and once of His servants--is put in the emphatic form). Each of the gospels begins with an account of Jesus’ origins. . Note.--Our Evangelist, having given the interview with Annas, omitted by the other Evangelists, here omits the trial and condemnation before Caiaphas, which the others had recorded. The complainant authorities outside that he died as a literal and expanded Version the intensely interesting details more.! Your charge answerest thou the high priest by Luke in Acts 4:6 needs another to support it, and proved! Officers -- the stunning effect of his death ; hereby that saying was fulfilled the crowd about all-engrossing... This '' ( adds Luke 22:53 ) `` is your hour and the servants and officers -- the effect. 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