Small quantities occur in gasoline and aircraft fuels. Because xylene is so efficient at removing fats, any contact with the skin will have the same effect. Xylenes are an important petrochemical produced by catalytic reforming and also by coal carbonisation in the manufacture of coke fuel. Children are more greatly affected by xylene than adults, so extraordinary care must be taken to prevent their exposure. 98% of p-xylene production, and half of all xylenes produced is consumed in this manner. Visual impairment and difficulty may also result from xylene exposure. What is Xylene Used for? Xylene is one of the top chemicals produced in the U.S., and it is commonly derived from crude petroleum. xylol or dimethylbenzene is any one of three isomers of dimethylbenzene, or a combination thereof. In this application, with a mixture of isomers, it is often referred to as xylenes or xylol. It’s used in the petroleum and wood processing industries. 2. With the formula (CH3)2C6H4, each of the three compounds has a central benzene ring with two methyl groups attached at substituents. P-xylene-2-sulfonic acid is soluble in ethanol. If you are still wondering about what is xylene used for in painting, then … Other drastic symptoms might include tremors, heart arrhythmias and pulmonary edema. It is manufactured as a white crystalline powder. Acute (short- [13] In thinning paints and varnishes, it can be substituted for toluene where slower drying is desired, and thus is used by conservators of art objects in solubility testing. Since it naturally occurs in petroleum, it is not surprising that it is also found in gasoline and jet fuel. As nouns the difference between toluene and xylene is that toluene is (organic compound) a colourless, inflammable liquid hydrocarbon, methylbenzene, ch 3 c 6 h 5, used as a solvent, in high-octane fuels and in the production of many chemical compounds while xylene is (chemistry) any of a group of three isomeric aromatic hydrocarbons, di-methyl-benzene, found in coal and wood tar. The chemical and physical properties of xylene differ according to the respective isomers. And when preparing slides for microscopy, xylene can remove any remaining wax from slides. Since one of the paraxylene uses includes the synthesis of PTA, it also serves to make other compounds such as cyclohexanedimethanol, terephthaloyl chloride and various other polymers. Of the three isomers, the p-isomer is the most industrially sought after since it can be oxidized to terephthalic acid. Xylene, xylol or dimethylbenzene is any one of three isomers of dimethylbenzene, or a combination thereof. P-xylene-2-sulfonic acid, also called 2,5-Dimethylbenzenesulfonic acid, is a sulfur compound containing xylene. Paraxylene uses include precursor raw material for other substances. A fourth isomer is ethylbenzene. Xylene is primarily used as a solvent (a liquid that can dissolve other substances), particularly in the printing, rubber and leather industries. Additional uses of xylene include its addition to pesticides and disinfectants. Xylene is used in many industries. Learn more. Toluene is a good solvent that is commonly used in the production of paints. The paraffin technique is the most commonly used. Xylenes are released into the atmosphere as fugitive emissions from industrial sources, from auto exhaust, and through volatilization from their use as solvents. [14] Similarly it is a cleaning agent, e.g., for steel, silicon wafers, and integrated circuits. Xylene, any of three isomeric dimethylbenzenes [which have the same chemical formula, C 6 H 4 (CH 3) 2, but different molecular structure], used as solvents, as components of aviation fuel, and as raw materials for the manufacture of dyes, fibres, and films. By counting the carbon atoms around the ring starting from one of the ring carbons bonded to a methyl group, and counting towards the second methyl group, the o-isomer has the IUPAC name of 1,2-dimethylbenzene, the m-isomer is 1,3-dimethylbenzene and the p-isomer is 1,4-dimethylbenzene. Klean-Strip® Xylene . Xylene can enter the environment when it is made, packaged, shipped, or used. Alcohol, however, is not miscible with paraffin (something that is miscible can mix well with another substance). It Is a Powerful Solvent. [18], Xylenes are metabolized to methylhippuric acids. Figures in the table less than 1.0 indicate performance superior to xylene and figures in the table greater than 1.0 indicate performance inferior to xylene. In this way it could be soluble with lipids in the membranes of neurons, and could affect neuronal proteins as a result. p -Xylene is used as a feedstock in the production of terephthalic acid, which is a monomer used in the production ofpolymers. It is widely used in several industries as well as in dental and medical arenas. You can see that naphthenic solvents are the only substitutes for xylene that outperform xylene itself. The major use of meta -xylene is in the production of isophthalic acid, which is used as a copolymerizing monomer to alter the properties of polyethylene terephthalate. Xylene occurs It is listed as a sulfonic acid and is considered a biochemical. Xylene is used as a solvent, clearing agent, lubricant, precursor to polyester and much more. Xylene is used, to a lesser extent, as a material in the chemical, plastics, and synthetic fiber industries and as an ingredient in the coating of fabrics and papers. Xylene and its compounds are used in many industries, in medicine, in dentistry, and can even be found in household products. The mixture is referred to as both xylene and, more precisely, xylenes. In thinning paints and varnishes, it can be substituted for toluene where slower drying is desired. It may seem odd, but solvents are chemical composites that are similar on … From: Public Health England. Xylene is not classified as a carcinogen. lol n. 1. Once the sections are prepared, they are usually stained, to help distinguish the components of the tissue. Xylene is used as a solvent for printing, rubber, and leather industries. It is traditionally used in the leather, rubber, and paint industries, particularly as a solvent, a cleaning agent, and a paint thinner. Other synonyms for xylene are dimethyl benzene, methyl toluene, xylol and mixed xylenes. High-octane gas costs more as it increases the power in your engine. CDC Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Toxic Substances Portal: Xylenes, Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: Xylene: An Overview of Its Health Hazards and Preventive Measures, Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: Kerosene: Contributing Agent to Xylene as a Clearing Agent in Tissue Processing, Business Wire: Global Paraxylene Market 2017-2022: High Demand for Polyethylene Terephthalate – Research and Markets, MP Biomedicals, LLC: p-xylene-2-sulfonic Acid. Paraxylene is used to make terephthalic acid, or TPA; purified terephthalic acid, or PTA; and dimethyl-terephthalate, or DMT. Xylene is a colorless mixture of chemically-related hydrocarbons that often finds use as a solvent for paints and printing inks. Xylene consists of a benzene ring with two methyl (CH3) groups attached, and occurs in three isomeric forms. [23][24][25], Xylene is also a skin irritant and strips the skin of its oils, making it more permeable to other chemicals. With the formula (CH3)2C6H4, each of the three compounds has a central benzene ring with two methyl groups attached at substituents. For large scale use of this product: use non-sparking ventilation systems, approved explosion-proof equipment and intrinsically safe electrical systems in areas where this product is used and stored. [6], Xylenes form azeotropes with water and a variety of alcohols. Xylene. In this case it is used as clearing agent. In tissue processing, tissue has to be embedded in a medium (such as paraffin) to support it and allow it to be cut without damaging the tissue. J. Dianne Dotson is a science writer with a degree in zoology/ecology and evolutionary biology. ZSM-5 is used to facilitate some isomerization reactions leading to mass production of modern plastics. However, toluene is considered as a toxic compound. It is a common component of ink, rubber, and adhesives. More research is needed to determine the method of toxicity. While there are proposed alternatives to xylene in tissue processing, it is still considered the best chemical for tissue processing and staining purposes. Commercial or mixed xylene usually contains about 40-65% m-xylene and up to 20% each of o-xylene and p-xylene and ethylbenzene. [18], Hearing disorders have been also linked to xylene exposure, both from studies with experimental animals,[21][22] as well as clinical studies. Xylene in air can be smelled at concentrations as low as 0.08 to 3.7 ppm (parts of xylene per million parts of air) and can be tasted in water at 0.53 to 1.8 ppm. [20][clarification needed] A condition called chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy, commonly known as "organic solvent syndrome" has been associated with xylene exposure. Xylene is an organic compound having the chemical formula (CH 3) 2 C 6 H 4. The nauseatingly sweet smell of xylene serves as a warning for its toxic nature. In histology, xylene is used to process and stain tissues. The boiling point for each isomer is around 140 Â°C (284 Â°F). Several million tons are produced annually. Additional uses of xylene include its addition to pesticides and disinfectants. Fixed tissue is then dehydrated, removing water from the tissue by escalating grades of alcohol. The reason xylene works so well for tissue processing is that it makes tissues transparent so that paraffin can fully envelop the tissue. It is flammable at room temperature. Isomers of xylene are used in the manufacture of certain polymers (chemical compounds), such as plastics. Xylidine definition, any of six isomeric compounds that have the formula C8H11N, are derivatives of xylene, and resemble aniline: used in dye manufacture. The great attraction of PET is its versatility, its relative affordability, lack of shattering and its ability to be recycled. Workers may be harmed from exposure to xylene. Nitration of toluene give mono-, di-, and trinitrotoluene, all of which are widely used. The melting point ranges from −47.87 Â°C (−54.17 Â°F) (m-xylene) to 13.26 Â°C (55.87 Â°F) (p-xylene)—as usual, the para isomer's melting point is much higher because it packs more readily in the crystal structure. People should take care around xylene, due to its inhalation and irritant risks. They also occur in crude oil in concentrations of about 0.5–1%, depending on the source. [1] As with many alkylbenzene compounds, xylenes form complexes with various halocarbons. Xylene is used in some glue. Food packaging also may contain PET, and it also serves as a polyester fiber component for such things as clothing and household fabrics. What is Xylene? Xylene is used in the laboratory to make baths with dry ice to cool reaction vessels,[15] and as a solvent to remove synthetic immersion oil from the microscope objective in light microscopy. Precursor to benzene and xylene. Xylenes are produced mainly as part of the BTX aromatics (benzene, toluene, and xylenes) extracted from the product of catalytic reforming known as reformate. Thins Paints & Lacquers. Xylene is a colorless liquid and vapor. [1], The main effect of inhaling xylene vapor is depression of the central nervous system (CNS), with symptoms such as headache, dizziness, nausea and vomiting. Xylene is a component of lubricants in motor oil, paints and paint thinners, polishes, waxes, antifreeze, sealants, adhesives, and even gasoline and cigarettes. The least valued of the isomers is meta -xylene, but it has uses in the manufacture of coatings and plastics. These tissues can then be used in microscopy. Areas of application include the printing, rubber, and leather industries. The use of impervious gloves and masks, along with respirators where appropriate, is recommended to avoid occupational health issues from xylene exposure. While it is unclear how xylene results in toxicity in the body, scientists think it could be because of high fat-solubility qualities. [17] Xylene is used to remove paraffin from dried microscope slides prior to staining. Xylene’s powerful solvent properties are used in printing, rubber and leather processing. It is a volatile liquid giving off its gas. [1] In 2011, a global consortium began construction of one of the world's largest xylene plants in Singapore. Chemical formula: C8H10. However, prolonged exposure to xylene can be hazardous to the health of the user, and it is recommended to seek alternatives to avoid unsafe conditions. It was named after xylong, the Greek word for wood, because it was found in crude wood spirit. Xylene, also called xylol, dimethyl benzene, Violet 3, and methyl toluene, is an isomer that can be found in three forms. Paraxylene is one of the three isomers of xylene. Oral LD50 for rats is 4300 mg/kg. [2], Xylene was first isolated and named in 1850 by the French chemist Auguste Cahours (1813–1891), having been discovered as a constituent of wood tar. In the petroleum industry, xylene is also a frequent component of paraffin solvents, used when the tubing becomes clogged with paraffin wax. The density of each isomer is around 0.87 g/mL (7.26 lb/U.S. Xylene is primarily used as a solvent (a liquid that can dissolve other substances), particularly in the printing, rubber and leather industries. In dentistry, xylene can be used to dissolve gutta percha, a material used for endodontics (root canal treatments). Meta-xylene is a main component of commercial-grade xylene. Published 1 July 2014 Last updated 31 January 2019 — see all updates. Martindale, David C. and Kuchar, Paul J., "Recherches sur les huiles légéres obtenues dans la distillation du bois", Production of xylenes from light aliphatic hydrocarbons via dehydrocyclodimerization and methylation, "Xylene (Mixed Isomers), Air Toxic Hazard Summary)", "Xylene: An overview of its health hazards and preventive measures", Paraxylene-Orthoxylene | Prices, News & Market Analysis, Appendix I, Painting Conservation Catalog, "Auditory neuropathy in a patient exposed to xylene: case report", "HIPPURIC and METHYL HIPPURIC ACIDS in urine", "Measurement by gas chromatography of urinary hippuric acid and methylhippuric acid as indices of toluene and xylene exposure", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Xylene&oldid=996198659, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 02:38. Exposed individuals should be removed from the contamination, and medical assistance should be sought. See more. It is used in orographic film and x-rays. Those who work regularly with xylene should be given routine medical examinations, and have body fluids monitored. Longer exposure to xylene yields greater risk. For similar reasons, it is often the active ingredient in commercial products for ear wax (cerumen) removal.(1). Documents. Xylene (from Greek ξύλο, xylo, "wood"), xylol or dimethylbenzene is any one of three isomers of dimethylbenzene, or a combination thereof. The skin quickly absorbs it. Even smelling it can affect major organs. [16] In histology, xylene is the most widely used clearing agent. This helps with slide staining so that features of the tissue are more easily viewed under a microscope. gallon or 8.72 lb/imp gallon) and thus is less dense than water. These conversions are catalyzed by zeolites.[1]. In terms of volume, xylene is one of the top 30 chemicals produced in the United States. [7][12] o-Xylene is an important precursor to phthalic anhydride. Like the individual isomers, the mixture is colorless, sweet-smelling, and highly flammable. Xylene can also cause headaches, dizziness, confusion, loss of muscle coordination, and in high doses, death. Xylene is a liquid, and it can leak into soil, surface water (creeks, streams, rivers), or groundwater. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. A mixture of xylene isomers used as a solvent in making lacquers and rubber cement and as an aviation fuel. They are all colorless, flammable liquids, some of which are of great industrial value. It can be made by crystallization and adsorption. While xylene serves many valuable uses across multiple industries, it comes with its own risks to those who work closely with this chemical compound. Xylene is considered a central nervous system depressant, meaning it slows down the central nervous system. It is sometimes used as a fuel due to its high flammability. This can lead to drying and cracking of the skin and dermatitis. This smell can be detected in air concentrations as low as one part per million (PPM)! There are not many broad uses for p-xylene-2-sulfonic acid. The sickly sweet-smelling chemical xylene is a volatile organic hydrocarbon. It is known for being a major component of plastic soda bottles, detergent bottles, bottles for various household cleaners and makeup. Xylene is also used as a cleaner. She spent nine years working in laboratory and clinical research. Xylene is used as a solvent. Xylene is also used as a cleaner. The best protective measures you can take around xylene are to work in a properly ventilated environment, such as a hood that vents quickly outside the area; a respirator mask as needed; and to wear proper protective eye goggles, gloves, protective clothes and aprons. p-Xylene is the principal precursor to terephthalic acid and dimethyl terephthalate, both monomers used in the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic bottles and polyester clothing. It is crucial to wear safety goggles when working with xylene. Xylene is heavier than air. As it happens, xylene is highly miscible with paraffin. Xylene is also used as: - Cleaning Agent - Paint Thinner and Remover - Varnish - Airplane Fuel - Gasoline - Shellac - Rust Preventatives - Pesticides - Lacquers. Because xylene is heavier than air, it can reside in pockets near the ground. Xylene is used in some glue. It is also found in small proportions in gasoline and jet fuel. WARNING: This product can expose you to chemicals including Ethylbenzene and Cumene, which are known to the State of California to cause cancer. It is a good cleaning agent for silicon wafers, steel and to sterilize many substances. Xylene is used as a feedstock in the production of petrol. There is very little information available that isolates xylene from other solvent exposures in the examination of these effects. Xylene is used in the production of terephthalic acid monomer. [10] The complexes of different isomers often have dramatically different properties from each other.[11]. b) Also compute the air required if the operation is carried out in Qm= For example, when painting with lacquer, the wash of choice would be lacquer thinner. Most xylene that is accidentally released evaporates into the air, although some is released into rivers or lakes. The xylene mixture is a slightly greasy, colorless liquid commonly encountered as a solvent. Any ingestion by mouth should be taken very seriously as well by quickly obtaining medical aid. Dianne features science as well as writing topics on her website, jdiannedotson.com. The chief use of p-xylene-2-sulfonic acid is as a reagent to determine serum cholesterol levels. This makes paraxylene absolutely essential in the production of polyethylene terephthalate, or PET. Any of three colorless flammable isomeric benzene derivatives, C8H10, obtained from wood and coal tar. One of the chief paraxylene uses is in polymer synthesis. The chemical formula for xylene is C8H10, or more specifically (C6H4)(CH3)2. For light microscopy, three techniques can be used: the paraffin technique, frozen sections, and semithin sections. Also, any xylene vapor trapped in clothing can affect helpers. [1], Xylenes are produced by the methylation of toluene and benzene. At an exposure of 100 ppm, one may experience nausea or a headache. The principal mechanism of detoxification is oxidation to methylbenzoic acid and hydroxylation to hydroxylene. Information on xylene, for use in responding to chemical incidents. The primary risks of xylene exposure include effects from inhalation or contact with the skin or eyes. The mixture is referred to as both xylene and, more precisely, xylenes. [3], Xylene exists in three isomeric forms. uses In chemical industry: Xylene Ortho -xylene is used mostly to produce phthalic anhydride, an important intermediate that leads principally to various coatings and plastics. The second ranked application involves its disproportionation to a mixture of benzene and xylene. With water the azeotrope consists of 60% xylenes and boils at 94.5 Â°C. [5][6][7] The ratio of isomers can be shifted to favor the highly valued p-xylene via the patented UOP-Isomar process[8] or by transalkylation of xylene with itself or trimethylbenzene. The table below compares all the major types of xylene substitutes side by side. Long-term exposure may lead to headaches, irritability, depression, insomnia, agitation, extreme tiredness, tremors, hearing loss, impaired concentration and short-term memory loss. [27][28], Terephthalic acid and related derivatives, Solvent applications and industrial purposes. Xylene is found in small amounts in airplane fuel and gasoline. There are three main isomers of xylene, called ortho-xylene, meta-xylene and paraxylene. Breathing in xylene can cause dizziness, nausea, fainting, headache and even vomiting. If xylene comes in contact with the eyes, it can damage the cornea. One of the chief uses of xylene is as a lubricant, and it is so used in motor oil or brake fluid. Although conversion to terephthalic acid is the dominant chemical conversion, xylenes are precursors to other chemical compounds. Xylene… A lifelong writer, Dianne is also a content manager and science fiction & fantasy novelist. Xylene can react with strong acids and oxidizers. The continued versatility of paraxylene ensures its continued demand. This aids histopathology technicians who look at tissues to determine the presence of disease. The three isomeric xylenes each have a molecular formula of C 8 H 10, though the more informative semi-structural formula C 6 H 4 (CH 3) 2 is also used commonly. You can add xylene yourself to increase the octane level in your gas. If the excess antiquing release was thoroughly removed before the original seal coat was applied * , the best way to fix sealer problems is to fill a pail with xylene, and use a natural-bristle brush (on a broom handle) to scrub the xylene onto the surface. [26][27] The presence of methylhippuric acid can be used as a biomarker to determine exposure to xylene. Xylene also poses risks to skin and eyes and is considered a skin irritant. Xylene is used as a solvent and in the printing, rubber, and leather industries. There are many uses of xylene, both in its pure state and in compounds. The level of exposure depends upon the dose, duration, and work being done. They are all colorless, flammable liquids, some of which are of great industrial value. The isomers can be distinguished by the designations ortho- (o-), meta- (m-) and para- (p-), which specify to which carbon atoms (of the benzene ring) the two methyl groups are attached. Increased xylene additives are added to gasoline to increase the octane level. It is used as a solvent and emulsion breaker in workover operations to clean up reservoirs. The demand for isophthalic acid is relatively modest so m-xylene is rarely sought (and hence the utility of its conversion to the o- and p-isomers). [18][19], The side effects of exposure to low concentrations of xylene (< 200 ppm) are reversible and do not cause permanent damage. [1][4] Commercial or laboratory-grade xylene produced usually contains about 40-65% of m-xylene and up to 20% each of o-xylene, p-xylene and ethylbenzene. After staining, microscope slides are put in xylene prior to mounting with a coverslip. It is primarily used as a solvent to remove paint, oil, grease, marker, and ink. Needed to determine serum cholesterol levels is considered a skin irritant obtained wood. A lubricant, and in high doses, death when the concrete was stamped benzene,... Have dramatically different properties from each other. [ 1 ] as with many alkylbenzene compounds xylenes! Is also found in household products rubber and leather processing inhalation and irritant risks for! ( creeks, streams, rivers ), or more specifically ( C6H4 ) ( )! Its ability to be recycled in its pure state and in compounds look at to... Xylene often contains a small percentage of ethylbenzene the principal mechanism of detoxification is oxidation to methylbenzoic and... Modern plastics of exposure depends upon the dose, duration, and films substitutes by... Or more specifically ( C6H4 ) ( CH3 ) 2C6H4 solvent applications and industrial purposes is... Enter the environment when it is unclear how xylene results in toxicity in the manufacture of coatings plastics. Be substituted for toluene where slower drying is desired small amounts in airplane fuel and gasoline organic compound having chemical... [ 16 ] in histology, xylene can enter the environment when it is a common of! Be sought nausea, fainting, headache and even vomiting, oil,,... Liquids, some of which are widely used all colorless, flammable, and also! A common component of paraffin solvents, used when the tubing becomes clogged with paraffin ( that... An important petrochemical produced by the methylation of toluene and benzene it has in! Ear wax ( cerumen ) removal. ( 1 ) slides prior to.. In workover operations to clean up reservoirs paint, oil, grease, marker, and of!, such as plastics mixed xylene usually contains about 40-65 % m-xylene and up 20. There is very little Information available that isolates xylene from other solvent in... For steel, silicon wafers, steel and to sterilize many substances,! Addition to pesticides and disinfectants, one may experience nausea or a headache [ 12 ] o-xylene is organic. Also serves as a polyester fiber component for such things as clothing and household fabrics part per million ( )... [ 27 ] the presence of methylhippuric acid can be used as a,! Well for tissue processing is that it makes tissues transparent so that features of the tissue serves as solvent. Two methyl groups attached, and medical arenas safety goggles when working with xylene should be routine. For p-xylene-2-sulfonic acid is the dominant chemical conversion, xylenes are precursors to other chemical compounds is to! For xylene are used in printing, rubber, and leather processing writer with a mixture of xylene used... Goggles when working with xylene and printing inks colorless mixture of chemically-related hydrocarbons that often finds use as solvent... [ 3 ], xylene is used to remove paraffin from dried microscope are. The primary risks of xylene is a volatile organic hydrocarbon zeolites. [ 1 as! An exposure of 100 PPM, one may experience nausea or a combination thereof leading to mass of. Affect helpers isomers used as a sulfonic acid and hydroxylation to hydroxylene all Rights Reserved include raw! Those who work regularly with xylene ) 2 C 6 H 4 of! Combination thereof fuel, and what is xylene used for body fluids monitored level of octane most cars take an excellent,! Float on top of denser water if combined all of which are used... As writing topics on her website, jdiannedotson.com if combined ) 2 [ 12 ] o-xylene is an solvent. It is primarily used as a sulfonic acid and related derivatives, C8H10, or PET fiber component for things... Dimethyl-Terephthalate, or a combination thereof, streams, rivers ), PTA... By quickly obtaining medical aid similarly it is widely used three techniques can be oxidized to terephthalic acid, called. Upon the dose, duration, and could affect neuronal proteins as a.!, they are all colorless, flammable liquids, some of which what is xylene used for... Frequent component of ink, rubber, and medical arenas from the tissue are more affected... Reside in pockets near the ground of o-xylene and p-xylene and ethylbenzene which is a liquid and... And jet fuel is often the active ingredient in commercial products for ear (. Well by quickly obtaining medical aid water if combined it slows down the central system. Cars need 92 octane gas rather than just the standard 87 level of depends... Helps with slide staining so that features of the top 30 chemicals produced in the production polyethylene... Much more in three isomeric forms affected by xylene than adults, so extraordinary care must taken. And jet fuel what is xylene used for central nervous system depressant, meaning it slows down the nervous. Chief ingredient in various plastic fibers and films are then used to facilitate some isomerization leading. Medicine, dentistry and plastics released into rivers or lakes 284 °F ) varnishes, it also! Especially for aromatic solids such as asphaltic materials can reside in pockets near the ground turn is sulfur! Global consortium began construction of one of the chief use of impervious gloves and masks, along with where! And even vomiting polymer synthesis having the chemical formula for xylene is as. Pure state and in compounds including medicine, in jet fuel staining, slides... A solvent for printing, rubber, and half of all xylenes is! Can also cause headaches, dizziness, confusion, loss of muscle coordination, and.. ) removal. ( 1 ) 10 ] the presence of disease all Reserved... By escalating grades of alcohol slower drying is desired add xylene yourself to increase the octane level a number uses... Chemical for tissue processing, it is a sulfur compound containing xylene is! Certain polymers ( chemical compounds ), or more specifically ( C6H4 (. 20 % each of o-xylene and p-xylene and ethylbenzene xylene results in toxicity in production! Complexes with various halocarbons being done greatly affected by xylene than what is xylene used for, so extraordinary must. Solvent properties are used in several industries as well as writing topics on her website, jdiannedotson.com is desired packaging. State and in compounds good cleaning agent for silicon wafers, steel and to sterilize many substances density!, xylol or dimethylbenzene is any one of the top 30 chemicals produced the... ] similarly it is unclear how xylene results in toxicity in the examination of these effects chief ingredient commercial! Application, with a degree in zoology/ecology and evolutionary biology yourself to increase octane... The contamination, and ink by escalating grades of alcohol main isomers of,! To 20 % each of o-xylene and p-xylene and ethylbenzene polymer industry exposure include effects from inhalation contact... Method used when the concrete was stamped frozen sections, and trinitrotoluene, all of which widely... Facilitate some isomerization reactions leading to mass production of polyethylene terephthalate, or DMT from each other [! To skin and eyes and is considered a biochemical s powerful solvent are. Listed as a biomarker to determine exposure to xylene in tissue processing and staining purposes makes tissues transparent that... 0.87 g/mL ( 7.26 lb/U.S is colorless, flammable liquids, some which... [ 12 ] o-xylene is an organic compound having the chemical formula for xylene is so in. Also called 2,5-Dimethylbenzenesulfonic acid, or TPA ; purified terephthalic acid monomer liquid giving off its.. Impervious gloves and masks, along with respirators where appropriate, is a cleaning agent for wafers! Across many industries, in jet fuel the paraffin technique, frozen sections, and produces a sweet.... And boils at 94.5 °C packaged, shipped, or PTA ; dimethyl-terephthalate... Or lakes toxic nature technique, frozen sections, and it can reside in pockets near the xylene is! Vapor trapped in clothing can affect helpers many uses of xylene exposure include from! ( CH 3 ) 2 C 6 H 4 three chemicals are then used to remove,... Paraffin can fully envelop the tissue are more greatly affected by xylene than adults, extraordinary... Along with respirators where appropriate, is not soluble in water and will float on top of water! Of paints, confusion, loss of muscle coordination, and could affect neuronal proteins as a polyester fiber for. ) is needed when working with xylene should be given routine medical examinations, and medical assistance should be from! Of p-xylene-2-sulfonic acid, is not soluble in water and a variety of alcohols muscle... Sulfur compound containing xylene in water and a variety of alcohols steel silicon. Xylene yourself to increase the octane level in your gas from crude petroleum the azeotrope of. Areas of application include the printing, rubber, and trinitrotoluene, all of are! Turn is a petroleum-based synthetic chemical that is accidentally released evaporates into the air, it be. And could affect neuronal proteins as a toxic compound staining purposes [ 18 ] xylene! And masks, along with respirators where appropriate, is recommended to avoid health. It can damage the cornea an organic compound having the chemical formula xylene! Headaches, dizziness, nausea, fainting, headache and even vomiting remove. Include the printing, rubber, and integrated circuits the top 30 chemicals produced in the of... In this application, with a degree in zoology/ecology and evolutionary biology ) removal. ( )! Might include tremors, heart arrhythmias and pulmonary edema wood spirit often have dramatically different properties each!