Chemistry of Natural Compounds, 47(6):1012-1014. http://www.springerlink.com/content/842p617643k31362/, University of Hawaii, 2014. Chemical composition and antifungal activity of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) oil from Turkey. St. Louis, MO, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. First report of web blight of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) caused by Rhizoctonia solani AG-1-IB in Korea. 502 [ed. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20163250834, Ann PaoJen, Wong InTin, Tsai JyhNong, 2010. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Fenner R, Betti A H, Mentz L A, Rates S M K, 2006. Rosemary beetle (Chrysolina americana) is a pest principally of R. officinalis and lavender (Lavandula officinalis) (Barclay and Mann, 2002; Mileck and Simala, 2010). Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary); flowering habit. Foliage can be used as a flavorful spice in cooking. Early specimens were collected in Bermuda in 1908, Cuba in 1926, and the Dominican Republic in 1923 (Smithsonian Institute Herbarium Collections). Acevedo-Rodriguez, P., Strong, M.T., 2012. (2014) report that the essential oil gives some control of Meloidogyne javanica but is ineffective against Pratylenchus brachyurus. Rosemary is a hardy perennial that copes well with drought and poor soils, but it prefers slightly alkaline soils. Riverdale MD, USA: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. (A importância das plantas com finalidades terapêticas e suas aplicaçãoes na cidade de Goierê-PR.) The species can grow in premontane and lower montane humid forest climate zones, with reported elevations up to 3500 m. In the southwestern United States, the species has been recorded growing at elevations below 800 m (Stevens and Ayers, 2002). In Portugal, for example, the plant was called ‘alecrirn’ a word derived from the Scandinavian ‘ellegren’, meaning ‘elfin-plant’, as folklore associated the plant with elves, and in Sicilian tales it was said that baby fairies slept in the rosemary flowers (Rohde, 1930). Govaerts R, 2014. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Sage blooming (L), elongating flower spike (C) and close-up of the two lipped flowers (R). This variability has led to recognition of four species by some; others distinguish one species with many varieties and forms (Guzman, 1999). Chemical composition and antifungal activity of rosemary (, Petiwala SM, Johnson JJ, 2015. by Giberti G, Craker L, Lorenz M, Máthé A, Giulietti A]. R. officinalis originated in the Mediterranean region with coastal climate, and can tolerate heat, drought, and poor, dry, sandy, and rocky soil types (Floridata, 2014). The Lamiacae family, or mint family, is a family of herbs, shrubs and trees comprising about 200 genera and 3200 species, many with a long history of medicinal and food use (University of Hawaii, 2014). Characteristics: • Hardiness: H5 (-10 to -15C) • Type: Evergreen Shrub It has also been found susceptible to the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita”. It typically grows to 4-6’ tall in areas where it is winter hardy. Evergreen. Rosmarinus officinalis Irene was discovered by Phil Johnson in early 1930s. The camphor-scented, bluish-lavender to pink-lavender flowers are borne in whorls on short, upright flower spikes. The following has been taken from Guzman (1999): “The fresh or dried leaves are excellent flavouring agents in vegetables, meat (particularly lamb, veal and roasted chicken), sauces, stews, herbal butters, cream soups, fruit salads, jams, biscuits and bread. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. HTTP://www.apsnet.org. Rosemary of Pleasant Savour, The Spectator - 7th June 1930: 934-935, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014. Family: Lamiaceae Genus: Rosmarinus. Rosemary is very variable in habit (erect to creeping), size and colour of leaves and flowers and composition of the essential oil. In: Invasive exotic species in the Sonoran region [ed. Oregon State Univ. New records of Phytophthora diseases of aromatic crops in Taiwan. Edinburgh, UK: Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Gorustovich MNAde, Otero Mdel C, Rossi ER, Boldrini C, 1999. Patrick Breen, , 2012. Many Lamiaceae species have square stems (although square stems are also found in other families), aromatic aerial parts when crushed, simple opposite leaves, and two-lipped flowers. Trends in Food Science & Technology [Innovations in attractive and sustainable food for health. The flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies and occasionally to hummingbirds. New York, USA: Academy of Sciences, 629 pp. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. CABI is a registered EU trademark. First report of white mold caused by. Rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis, is renowned as as an essential culinary and medicinal herb, grown for its aromatic evergreen leaves and unusual flowers.Originally from the Mediterranean region, it’s now widely grown all over the world. In: Advances in medicinal plant research 2007 [ed. Life Cycle: Hardy perennial.Half hardy perennial. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Pakistan, 2014. The dried leaves contain 1-2% volatile oil. World Checklist of Lamiaceae. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Cutting grown. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD)., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Rosemary leaves are therapeutically allowed internally for dyspeptic complaints, and externally for rheumatic diseases and circulatory problems. The leaves and flowers can be carefully dried and sold in elegant sachets and potpourris. In England, where the species has been popular since at least Tudor times, Rosemary was probably first introduced by the Romans, but according to tradition it was re-introduced by Queen Philippa of Hainault in the fourteenth century; a manuscript in the library of Trinity College, Cambridge claims that rosemary was unknown in England until the Countess of Hainault sent some to her daughter Queen Philippa (Rohde, 1930). Royal Botanic Garden, 2014. Importation of Rosmarinus officinalis L. (rosemary) as fresh leaves and stems from El Savlador and Guatemala into the Continental United States: A Qualitative, Pathway-Initiated Risk Assessment. ©fir0002/via wikipedia/flagstaffotos.com.au - CC BY-NC 3.0. As a specimen garden plant it is handsome and impressive at all times, especially when covered with its lovely flowers that attract bees and butterflies. A Global Compendium of Weeds. The PLANTS Database. (Plantas utilizadas na medicina popular brasileira com potencial atividade antifúngica.) The species can regenerate by both seeds and cuttings (Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014), is tolerant of heat and drought, and thrives in areas with dry, poor, rocky, and sandy soil (Floridata, 2014). Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 5-20 Flowers Season is November Fruit. by Giberti, G.\Craker, L.\Lorenz, M.\Máthé, A.\Giulietti, A.]. Toxicity and biochemical efficacy of chemically characterized. It finds application in denaturing alcohol and is popular in aromatherapy. In the Philippines, an infusion of the leaves is used as an eyewash for slight catarrhal conjunctivitis, as vapour baths for rheumatism, paralysis and incipient catarrhs, and to bathe women in puerperal state. Rosemary beetle - Chrysolina americana L. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) as a pest of aromatic plants, medicinal herbs and ornamentals. The flowers have long curved and arching stamens rising upright against the upper lip (Figure 1). It is said to be very beneficial for dry skin in skin-care products. Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary); habit. 3 μL Rosmarinus officinalis-5 Vouchered Specimen (herb) 1 μL Caffeic acid, Chlorogenic Acid, Hyperoside, Rutin ~0.1% in CH3OH Reference materials used here have been authenticated by macroscopic, microscopic &/or TLC studies according to the reference source cited below held at Alkemists Laboratories, Costa Mesa, CA. campus: Cordley Hall, west side of south wing and east side. Antifungal effect of five essential oils against important pathogenic fungi of cereals. Lubiarz M, Musik K, 2015. Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder. Amultitude of floret racemes with lip shaped, pale pink, white and pale blue-violet blooms. Encyclopedia of herbs and spices, Wallingford, UK. The species is an introduced species in the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012) and is reported to be invasive to Cuba (Oviedo-Prieto et al., 2012). Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012. Profuse clear blue flowers adds to the effect. http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13. Considering these invasive traits and that it is highly valued as a cultivated species, R. officinalis will have many opportunities to escape to non-native ecosystems and may pose a higher risk of introduction near areas where it is cultivated. Flora of Bermuda. Clusters of pale blue flowers appear in spring and summer, occasionally in fall. It can tolerate maritime exposure and soil types ranging from light (sandy) to medium (loamy), preferring well-drained soil, and can tolerate soils of any pH ranging from acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and even very alkaline soils (PFAF, 2014). Antiproliferation effect of Rosemary (, Tantry MA, Syed Shabir, Reehana Khan, Afsha Habib, Seema Akbar, 2012. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). An in-depth review on the medicinal flora Rosmarinus officinalis (Lamiaceae). Scatterplot of flower mass vs. linear size in Rosmarinus officinalis. Growing Region: Zones 6 to 9. [ed. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. tubular flowers are longer than wider, in the shape of a tube. Fruit composed of 4 subglobose to obovoid nutlets, about 2 mm long, glabrous and smooth (Guzman, 1999). camphor) and eucalyptus oil (i.e. Bolivia Checklist, 2014. Ozcan MM, Chalchat JC, 2008. Flowers light blue, 13 mm long, borne in leaf axil from fall to spring. In the USA the regulatory status 'generally recognized as safe' has been accorded to rosemary (GRAS-2991), rosemary oil (GRAS-2992) and rosemary oleoresin (GRAS 3001). Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary); invasive habit, with Laysan Albatross chicks (Phoebastria immutabilis). Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas. The biodiversity and distribution of exotic vascular plants and animals in the Grand Canyon region. 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